Image from page 213 of "Handbook to the ethnographical collections" (1910)


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Identifier: handbooktoethnog00brit Title: Handbook to the ethnographical collections Year: 1910 (1910s) Authors: British Museum. Dept. of British and Mediaeval Antiquities and Ethnography Joyce, Thomas Athol, 1878-1942 Dalton, O. M. (Ormonde Maddock), 1866-1945 Subjects: Publisher: [London] : Printed by order of the Trustees Contributing Library: University of California Libraries Digitizing Sponsor: MSN View Book Page: Book Viewer About This Book: Catalog Entry View All Images: All Images From Book Click here to view book online to see this illustration in context in a browseable online version of this book. Text Appearing Before Image: ri mythology containeda number of heroic or semi-divinecharacters. Such was Maui, who fishedup the North Island from the bottomof the sea wuth a hook made of hisgrandfathers jawbone. Small figures of the gods, consistingof a grotesque head on a {)ointed stick,were used in making offerings. Butthe supernatural belief which enteredinto and aftected every department of native life was the Ijelief in tabu (see p. -30). Persons andthings were either inherently tabu, such as chiefs and theirpossessions, graveyards and the like; or the tabu was imposed bya chief or priest upon growing crops, certain objects or localities,or it was communicated to certain individuals by certain actions.A definite class of priests existed, whose duties were to lay andremove tabus, to make offerings to the gods, to ])erfurm theincantati(ms inseparable from every important action in a nativeslife, to practise divination and to oljserve omens. Fret^uently the priest delivered oracles under the direct inspira- N 2 Text Appearing After Image: Fig. 159.—Sacrificial kriifoedged with shark-teeth. NewZeahind. 180 OCEANIA Note About Images Please note that these images are extracted from scanned page images that may have been digitally enhanced for readability - coloration and appearance of these illustrations may not perfectly resemble the original work.

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