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: Old picture books; with other essays on bookish subjects
: Pollard, Alfred W. (Alfred William), 1859-1944 Pollard, Alice
: Bibliography Illustrated books
: London : Methuen and co.
: University of California Libraries
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d I have found no good reason for challenginghis claim that this novelty originated in Italy. If it is tostand, however, we must put back the first] occurrenceof these letters to some years before 1546, which is thefirst positive date he mentions, for in the first Greekbook printed in England, the Homiliae Duae of S.Chrysostom, published by Reyner Wolf in August 1543,there are four initials which, despite some difficulties as totwo of them, probably belong to this class. The letters 136 OLD PICTURE BOOKS are (i) a D, here figured, which obviously stands forDiogenes, (ii) an H (used as a Greek eta) showing Eli (orHeli) and Samuel, (iii) a K, here figured, representingthe fountain of En-hakkore which sprang at Samsonsprayer from the jaw-bone of the ass, with which he hadslain the thousand Philistines, and (iv) a O (repeated)depicting the Judgment of Solomon. Despite the exis-tence of two Ks in En-hakkore, and the possibility of theO standing for Ouaestio or Ouerimonia, the difficulty of
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7. U AND K FROM THE HOMILIAE DUAE OF S. CHRYSOSTOM,PRINTED BY R. WOLFE. LONDON, 1543 fitting the right words to these letters makes it possiblethat the propriety of the D and H may be accidental, buton the whole the probability is the other way. The interesting question now arises where did Wolfeget these letters, which have all the appearance of beingused here for the first time? Their similarity to the lettersto which attention was first called by Mr. Butler is sogreat that we can hardly doubt that, directly or indirectly,they are of Italian origin. But the introduction of gold-tooling into England by Berthelet, examples of whichoccur on books printed as early as 1541, was undoubtedly PICTORIAL AND HERALDIC INITIALS 137 effected through Italian workmen, and it is quite possiblethat these letters were cut in England by Italians living inthis country. If, however, further investigation shouldprove that they were imported, they may help us to deter-mine from what quarter Wolfe obtained
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