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: Old picture books; with other essays on bookish subjects
: Pollard, Alfred W. (Alfred William), 1859-1944 Pollard, Alice
: Bibliography Illustrated books
: London : Methuen and co.
: University of California Libraries
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rum byan unknown Frenchprinter, was cataloguedas from the press ofColard Mansion on thescore of Mansions de-vice, cut out with extra-ordinary neatness, being pasted on the last leaf. The buyer of it certainly bidwith open eyes, but it is annoying to pay even a fewshillings more because of such a freak. So, too, a leafwith Caxtons device bound at the end of Pynsons editionof the Speculum Vitae Christi led the late Mr. Blades tobelieve that Pynson was Caxtons apprentice. But thesemisdeeds or mishaps are exceptional, and it is the collectorof scraps, from Bagford downwards, whom the printersdevice has chiefly to fear. The merits of printers devices are twofold—many ofthem are very pretty, and all of them, when duly studied,are capable of throwing considerable light on the historyof printing, more especially on the often important pointof the order in which books were issued and the year, oreven the month, to which an undated book belongs. The DEVICE OK EGMONT AND BARREVELT C i^ogmetas.
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UEVICE Of AKiNULD GUlLLliM Uii BKOCAK PRINTERS MARKS 231 prettiness or beauty of some of the designs will be shownby our illustrations, nor is it difficult to explain how thedevices throw light on the careers of their printers. Always executed in the manner of wood-cuts, that is tosay, in relief, some of »aa yv^ them were cut with a y^h /\/>y)/n) fO /\^^knife in wood, others with \ dt JV /AV 7\ C^f a graver on very soft metal. The lines of thewood block break withuse, the lines of themetal block bend, and bycareful examination of anytwo prints a good guesscan mostly be made asto which was the earlier.A palmary instance of thisis a metal block whichRichard Pynson began touse in 1496. Its lowerborder began to bendalmost at once ; by 1503eighth of an inch, and year by year it increased, till in1513 the border broke altogether. Needless to say, thatevery undated book in which this border appears can bedated almost as easily as if the year of publication wereprinted in it. When several
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