Image from page 78 of "Social England; a record of the progress of the people in religion, laws, learning, arts, industry, commerce, science, literature and manners, from the earliest times to the present day" (1902)


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Identifier: socialengland02trai Title: Social England; a record of the progress of the people in religion, laws, learning, arts, industry, commerce, science, literature and manners, from the earliest times to the present day Year: 1902 (1900s) Authors: Traill, H. D. (Henry Duff), 1842-1900 Subjects: Publisher: London, New York : Cassell and Company, limited Contributing Library: University of California Libraries Digitizing Sponsor: Internet Archive View Book Page: Book Viewer About This Book: Catalog Entry View All Images: All Images From Book Click here to view book online to see this illustration in context in a browseable online version of this book. Text Appearing Before Image: mountainsof Wales from those of Strathclyde; upon the strength of itswalls depended the existence of the union of the two Welshregions. In 577 the battle of Deorham gave the Saxons theSevern plain, thereby separating Cornwall from ^^ales; thebattle of Chester separated Wales from Strathclyde, and from613 Wales has a distinct history of its own. For twentyyears and more after the battle of Chester attempts were THE STRUGGLE FOR WALES. 17 made to reunite the two [iroviuces; and the name ot CyiDiy— people of the same region —was adopted by both sectionsof the Welsh ]ie<iple during this struggle. Though the nationalname survived in both provinces—Cymru and Cumberland—the reunion of north and west was regarded as hopeless earlyin the eighth century. Welsh political history between 613 and 12.S4 consists oftwo great struggles—the struggle against the English, whowere being gradually welded into one people: and the struggleof some able Welsh prince for an overlordship over liis Text Appearing After Image: Pholo: J. Maclardi), Osacztrij,OlFAS DYKE: NEAE OSWESTRY. fellow-princes. The geography of Wales is a picture of itshistory—its mountains separate it from England, and at thesame time make internal union almost impossible. EothKnglish king and Welsh prince were engaged in a hopelessstruggle against the mountains. Between 613 and 106G three English kingdoms struggled ^^^^^ ^°-^lor the overlordship of England. Northumbria, ^lercia, and EnglishWessex had the supremacy, each in its turn, for a hundred K^<io™s.years; and with each of these, in the day of its power, ^^aleshad to contend. Ethelfrith of Northumbria separated it fromthe north : and the victories of (Aidwallon could not brealc46 18 77//J CONSOLTTtATION OF THE KIXCWOM. Wales after the Norman Conquest. the power of the Nurthumbriuu, or Iuosl his Imld on Chester.Ofta of Mercia narrowed its boundaries on the east, and builta dyke from the mouth of the Dee to the mouth of the Tatt.But it Avas during the supremacy of Wessex t Note About Images Please note that these images are extracted from scanned page images that may have been digitally enhanced for readability - coloration and appearance of these illustrations may not perfectly resemble the original work.

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